Teardowns and Disassembly

Really Getting In Touit

Published June 13, 2013

A couple of weeks ago I posted my impressions of the Zeiss 32mm Touit lens for NEX cameras, based on a copy loaned to me by Zeiss, USA. Now that we have our own copies I can be, shall we say, a bit more aggressive in examining the lens. Not to mention getting an opportunity to continue my string of aggressively bad pun titles (which Drew absolutely hates). But, hey, don’t blame me. I didn’t pick the name. I just do what has to be done. I have yet begun to pun.

Anyway, given that a lens with electronic autofocus and aperture control was something new in the Zeiss consumer lineup, Aaron and I couldn’t wait to take a look inside and see how things were put together. Once we got a look inside, we found there was more Touit than we expected (don’t say I didn’t warn you). The lens is put together solidly in typical Zeiss fashion.

Outside examination of the 32mm Touit shows us the polymer barrel with metal mounting ring. Things appear solidly built and the focus ring, particularly, moves smoothly like a larger SLR lens (many mirrorless focus rings are loose and sloppy).




The rear light baffle is a separate piece mounted by three screws.

The rear mount then removes in the usual way.  Underneath the rear mount is a thick metal shim or spacer.


It seems rather thick to be a standard optical shim or adjustment for the difference in Fuji and Sony flange-to-sensor distances (which are only 0.3mm different), so I assume it is there for added structural rigidity.


With the spacer removed we can see the rear barrel of the lens is attached by 3 large screws and an additional two screws hold the rear PCB (circuit board) in place. This is typical sturdy Zeiss construction; the screws are longer and thicker than what you usually see in lenses of this size. At 10 o’clock you can see the silver cylinder of the DC motor peeking out from under the PCB, with the large flex connector from the PCB board heading to it.


Removing the rear barrel exposes the inner barrel and PCB board. The white ring you see on around the barrel serves as a bearing to make rotation of the focus ring on the rear barrel smooth. Again, one of those ‘well-built’ touches. It’s that smoother, tighter fit that keeps the focus ring from feeling loose and sloppy.


In a closer view you can see the notches along the focusing barrel and the optical position sensor it uses. (NOTE: after I published this a person more knowledgeable than myself corrected me – this is a hall sensor, not an optical sensor, but the purpose is to sense the movement of the manual focusing ring.)


After the PCB is removed the position sensor can also be removed.


Which lets us remove the DC motor. I will admit, when Zeiss stated they went with a DC motor because they wanted a more powerful motor to move the focusing quickly, I was skeptical (and still am, a bit) but this is quite a large motor for such a small lens. If I read Zeiss’ technical description properly, focusing involves moving the entire optical assembly in one direction and possibly the rear floating element a different amount, so a large motor probably is required.


At this point it’s time to turn the lens over and start working our way in from the front. The makeup ring is removed (the liquid you see is some alcohol used to soften the glue) which exposes the screws holding the front barrel in place. Again, oversize screws with coarse threads that felt very secure.


The filter ring barrel comes off after removing those three screws, and that lets us also take up the focusing ring.


These next three screws let us remove the front mounting plate. Notice how they’ve designed these thick mounting plates front and rear that accept all the attachements of the outside barrels (and therefore accept the direct stress when you drop the lens, etc.)


After we’ve removed this plate, the actual optics of the lens come out as a unit. So all of this dissection, layers of barrels, multiple screws, etc. are simply to handle the housing. The optics now come out in an entirely separate unit. This is quality construction.


The halves of this inner housing are held together with another nice touch. Three sturdy post screws, but each screw has an associated spring and washer. If I’m understanding their purpose correctly, it should maintain even  tension, broaden the area where pressure is applied and help avoid overtightening. Like several other things we’ve seen in this lens, they could have saved a few bucks by using a simple screw and few people would ever know. I point these things out because sometimes the insides of higher-priced lenses do show us a bit about why they’re higher priced lenses.


With the innermost barrels separated you can see the aperture electronics at the bottom of the lens in the picture below. There also appears to be a second, magnetic, position sensing strip that Aaron is pointing to with the screwdriver . . .


Matched to a second position sensor (again, Aaron’s screwdriver pointing to it).


I’m guessing the outer system is to sense turning of the manual focus ring for the fly-by-wire focusing system, and this one is the actual autofocus position sensor, but I could have that backwards, or just be totally wrong. With my luck this is some kind of secret-monolith tampering sensor that sent a signal to Germany the minute it was exposed to light, making sure they don’t invite me to any more lens releases.

Credit: 2001, A Space Odyssey.


We did not open up the optical elements for a couple of reasons. First among theses was the fact that we were much more interested in the electronics and focusing system. After all this is Zeiss’ first autofocus (and for NEX electronic aperture) lens. I don’t have any questions Zeiss makes great optics but I was interested in seeing what their electronics looks like.

Second was the very thorough construction made it take a significant amount of time to get to this point and we have to put this back together and get to our daily repair work. Third, the 32mm Touit, like many wide-aperture lenses in this focal length, is based on a classic double-guass design with only 5 groups. There is rarely much to see or adjust within the optics of theses type of lenses and most of the elements will be cemented or solidly encased in groups.

Optical diagram of the 32mm Touit


In fact, the 32mm Touit is really just an optically improved version of the ZM 50mm Planar (there are some changes in the 6 elements that make up the double-gauss design and the addition of a rear group, probably for aberration compensation and perhaps as a field flattener and / or floating element.

Optical diagram of Zeiss ZM 50mm Planar



This thing is built well. Those of you who have misgivings about polymer (rather than metal) construction in a lens of this size, put those to rest. It’s built like a Zeiss; I expected no less. I was a bit skeptical about the choice of a DC motor to provide more power, but I have to say, they definitely chose a large, powerful motor, so that was probably just me being cynical.

The overall construction and design were very solid, reminding me of a Zeiss or Leica rangefinder lens; much higher construction quality than many of the E mount lenses I’ve opened up.

I should point out that I have not yet opened up a Fuji-mount Touit. It will be interesting to see the differences between the two (aperture control being the most obvious). I also don’t want my remark about E mount lenses above to be carried over to Fuji. I have less experience looking inside Fuji lenses, and to be honest find them a bit strange, but they are well constructed.


All photos copyright Roger Cicala and Lensrentals.com, 2013 unless otherwise noted. (You may reproduce them as long as the copyright credit is given AND links back to this article.)

Roger Cicala and Aaron Cosz


June, 2013


I think it important that anyone who writes an opinion on any item should be very clear in stating what, if any, benefits they received that might influence them concerning that item. (You hardly ever see me mention any, because I hardly ever get any). In this case, however, Zeiss USA loaned me E-mount 12mm and 32mm Touit lenses for two weeks to test and review. They also invited me to the press release of the Touit lenses in New York and payed for one night’s hotel room there. 

Author: Roger Cicala

I’m Roger and I am the founder of Lensrentals.com. Hailed as one of the optic nerds here, I enjoy shooting collimated light through 30X microscope objectives in my spare time. When I do take real pictures I like using something different: a Medium format, or Pentax K1, or a Sony RX1R.

Posted in Teardowns and Disassembly
  • Stan Sienicki

    Here are links to Moody Tools who manufacture some of the best micro tools(screw drivers) in JIS and just about every type of small fittings.



  • Roger Cicala


    There definitely is cooperation – Fuji reps were at the Zeiss Touit release and Zeiss has said they will only work with companies who give them complete access to the AF coding, etc.

  • There have been plastic magnet designs for many years using magnetic material mixed with plastic, for instance the magnetic strips used on credit cards and the flexible magnets used for signs. However if you were using a plastic magnet you would not need to make the little teeth you see here. In fact the magnetic plastic used for signs makes a great encoder as it has an alternating north south magnetic fields built in. The only reason to have the teeth moulded in would be to skip the step of calibrating the the relationship of the magnetic fields to the rest of the assembly. I used to have a 1970s Burroughs Corporation (the Leica of computer manufacturers! ) Hall effect keyboard that incorporated plastic magnets in the keys.

    In the past ten years a number of non-metallic organic polymers have been developed see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic_magnet.

    I’m not saying that any of this means that Zeiss is using Hall sensors , but just because the encoder is plastic does not rule that out.

  • Roger Knight

    Roger, Great job as usual, but you missed one. “Matched to a second position sensor (again, Aaron’s screwdriver pointing Touit)?”.
    Always enjoyable and informative reading. Thanks.
    Roger Knight.

  • Dante

    What I would like to see is a teardown that tells us whether the Zeiss and Fuji lenses have a common manufacturer. That the Zeiss lenses show up on the Fuji roadmap and that the electronics are apparently perfectly compatible suggests some degree of cooperation.

  • Andrew Roos

    Thanks for taking the trouble to share this with us. As an engineer I find it quite uplifting that the lens appears to have been built well, not just cheaply! This certainly is not the case for most consumer goods today.

  • Roger Cicala

    Rick, they seem to be APS-C sized only. I would guess (and strictly guessing, I have no inside info) that they would remake their ZE/ZF line to cover a full-frame NEX. That will be the downside to full-frame, the lenses will be larger, at least a bit.


  • Rick Knepper

    Sony Rumors has hinted at a full frame Nex 7. Would these lenses cover that sensor?

  • Zachery

    I don’t know why you think the X versions have mechanical apertures. No X mount lenses from Fuji do. And it would not make sense to do it differently anyway since the lens has to support camera control of aperture for P and S modes. The X mount itself has no mechanical control of aperture. The ring around the lenses for aperture is just a big switch emulating the old mechanical ones. The diaphragm control is still exactly the same as NEX it’s just that Sony doesn’t have any support for a separate on-lens setting dial so the lens doesn’t have it for that platform.

  • stevemark

    The optical design of the “Zeiss” lenses for the Sony Alpha mount is done by Sony as well (ZA 2.8/16-35, ZA 2.8/24-70; ZA 2/24, ZA 1.8/85, ZA 1.8/135; E-mount Zeiss 1.8/24mm). Most of them are derived from previous Minolta G constructions. One can see that by comparing the construction of the Sony/Zeiss ZA lenses, the Minolta G lenses and the “real” Zeiss ZE/ZF lenses.

    This doesn’t say anything about the quality – the ZA 1.4/85mm is better than the ZE/ZF 1.4/85mm; even the Sony AL 2.8/85mm is better than the legendary C/Y Zeiss 2.8/85mm.

    Source of this information? Personal communication with the head of Sony Alpha lens design.


  • What a legacy from Mr. Zeiss! Yes, one man (or woman) CAN leave this world a better place than as found. I suspect that the techological wizardry we now take for granted, can obscure some “holy grails” which were earned only with great effort and dedication, and sustained by maintaining the highest possible standards. Rest peacefully, Mr Zeiss; Mr. Eastman; Mr. Nikon et al; and others following. Something to appreciate when I next pick up my camera! And a tip of the hat to messrs Cicala and Cosz for a fascinating look into genius-grade design and engineering.

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